Whether you are caring for an injured or sick family or managing a chronic condition, all your family members may generate Medical Waste materials that need to be dumped.
In the United States, household medical waste is controlled by state regulations, which varies from one state to another. Constraints make sure that other people will not be exposed to or seriously injured by your medical waste. The particular prerequisites vary depending on whether you are dumping organic waste (bloody or soiled items), sharps (lancets or needles), or any unused medicines.
1. Eliminating Organic Waste
Place Bloody or Soiled Items in Any Plastic Bag
Use a plastic bag that will not puncture and cannot easily be leaked. Be sure that the plastic bag is large enough to carry all the items you need to dump – the plastic bag should not be overfilled or stuffed.
Moreover, you may have to be able to seal your bag properly even if the bag is zippered shut, tape down the top in order that the zipper will not come open.
Sanitize the Waste Matter Before Throwing It Away If Necessary
In many states, you may have to treat organic waste before dumping it, especially if there’s a risk of contamination. The local health department or your doctor will guide you if this is necessary for biological waste in your area. Sterilize biological waste by putting all items in chlorine bleach or spraying them with a compound anti-fungal.
Use A Polyethylene or Polypropylene Red Bag
Several states require organic waste to be dumped in specific red bags so your waste can easily be identified as organic waste.
Most of these bags are available at medical supply stores. Your health care provider or doctor also may provide you with a supply of red bags to use if they’re required. (Source 1)
Add Bag in A Regular Trash
Once you have sealed the bag tightly, you can add it with your regular trash. If you are worried about leaking, you may need to put the sealed bag in another bag, then put that in the regular trash. (Source 2)
2. Dumping Sharps
Get in Touch with The Local Health Department or Your Doctor
You will know that some doctors take used needles or various other sharps as long as they are sealed and covered in the proper container. Some states’ local health departments have programs to take sharps.
Soak Sharps in Chlorine Bleach Before Dumping Them
Several states require sharps to be drenched in chlorine bleach to clean them before they are dumped. Use normal household chlorine bleach, and saturate them for up to twenty-four hours before starting the removal process. (Source 3)
Make Sure You Use A Needle Clipper to Clip the Needles
Many states require the needles to be covered or cut before you can dump them. You will need a clipper for this purpose, which you can easily find at any medical supply stores. (Source 4)
Put Dumped Sharps in Any Puncture-Resistant Bin
You can find some dedicated sharps bins online or at any medical supply store. Your medical professional may also provide you with sharps bins if you need. Most of these bins may be of a metal body but are usually plastic. (Source 5)
Cover the Bin Firmly and Seal Its Lid in Place
Once the bin is 3/4 full, tie up any liner and screw or snap on the cover. For extra safety, tape down the cover firmly with electrical tape or duct tape. (Source 6)
Label the Bin of Sharps Accurately and Properly
Every state has particular safety measures that should be placed on the outside of the bin. You can also purchase tags that are specifically designed for this purpose at any medical supply store or online. The standard warning reads: “SHARPS – Don’t Reuse.” Place the cautions on all sides of your bin. (Source 7)
3. Wasting Unused Medicinal drugs
Get Rid of Harmful Medicinal Drugs Immediately
Usually, flushing unused medicinal drugs down the toilet could pollute the water supply and harm environmental surroundings. Having said that, there are several medications that are unsafe; they must be purged to prevent accidental ingestion by other people, such as pets and children.
The Food and Drug Administration lists medicines for which flushing is highly recommended on its site. On top of that, the tag on the medicine includes a word of caution that any unused medicine should be purged.
Take Unused Medicines to A Confidential Medicine Disposal Site
Many residential areas have confidential drug removal sites exactly where you can easily take your unused drugs to make sure they are dumped properly. Local drug stores also have medication take-back plans to dump unused medicines.
Take Off Any Label, Tag or Information from Empty Bottles
Remove the tag words from medical prescription bottles or scratch information such as your address and name with a thick black marker.